Obesity Causes and Types to Know If You’re Obese!
Some people suffer from obesity because they simply eat more than their body needs. In addition to that, they do not perform any type of physical exercise, so your body stops spending energy (fat, especially), leaving it accumulated. Depending on your gender, age and height you will require a certain amount of daily calories. If you consume more than stipulated you will gain weight. If this becomes a habit, you could end up with obesity. Obesity is one of those chronic diseases whose causes are due to several factors. Obviously, it has a great relationship with the poor diet of people who suffer from it.
The overweight can be fatal and yet has become a common disease, especially in countries of the first world. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has conducted studies to check which countries have a higher percentage of overweight people (BMI greater than 30kg / m2), with the United States being the country with the highest level, followed by Mexico and United Kingdom. More than 30% of the total population of the first country, over 15 years of age, is obese. For its part, the World Health Organization in 2015 registered 1.9 billion overweight adults, where more than 600 million were obese. The disease is the fifth leading risk factor that causes multiple illnesses and deaths worldwide, so the World Health Organization and other institutions conduct annual campaigns to try to raise awareness to food.
How to Know if I Suffer from Obesity?
The BMI or body mass index is the result of the division between a person’s weight and height. If the index is equal to or greater than 30kg / m2, it means that person is obese.
What are the Main Causes of Obesity?
As we mentioned at the beginning, this terrible disease has many causes. Just as it is a risk factor for other diseases, many internal and external elements can cause overweight or obesity.
These are the most common causes:
- Genetic heritage. The genes associated with appetite and metabolic control can be passed on to other generations. Children of parents with obesity are prone to suffer from it.
- It is uncommon, but excessive weight gain also occurs if you suffer from hypothyroidism, hypogonadism, problems in the hypothalamus, growth hormone deficiency or Cushing’s syndrome, celiac diseases (gallbladder disorders, fatty liver, intolerance to lactose and others)
- Mental illnesses or other conditions. Depression, bulimia nervosa, obsession with food, smoking cessation and menopause.
- Medical treatments. Like steroid.
- The mixture of several factors such as sedentary lifestyle, deceptive advertising, and low cost of fast food, addiction to video games or the Internet and more are also linked to obesity.
What are the Types of Obesity or Weight Problem?
Insufficient weight BMI below 18.5 kg / m2.
Normal weight BMI between 18.5-24.9 kg / m2. It is the ideal weight.
Overweight. BMI between 25-26.9 kg / m2.
Overweight II. BMI between 27.29.9 kg / m2.
Obesity type I. BMI between 30-34.9 kg / m2.
Type II obesity. BMI between 35-39.9 kg / m2.
Type III obesity or morbid obesity. BMI between 40-49.9 kg / m2.
Type IV obesity or extreme obesity. BMI greater than 50 kg / m2.
In terms of appearance, there are three types of obesity:
- Homogeneous:Body fat is distributed in a proportionate and uniform way.
- Periférica: It is the so-called “pear shape”. The thighs and hips widen, while the rest of the body remains almost the same before gaining weight.
- Abdominal:Or apple shaped. Fat accumulates, basically, in the abdomen area.
How does Obesity Affect People’s Health?
Morbidity or overweight is not a symptom of strength or economic abundance as is believed in some societies. It is not appropriate for a person to have 30 kilograms above their ideal weight. The change in appearance is just a consequence of this disease. The real problem is in organism. When a person is obese, all their systems can collapse at any time, especially the circulatory system. This problem can cause a fairly alarming clinical picture that can lead the patient to early death.
What Diseases Cause Overweight and Obesity?
- Sleep apnea.
- Varicose veins
- Breast cancer, uterine cancer and others.
- Cardiovascular problems such as arrhythmias, heart failure and a latent risk of having a heart attack.
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver.
- Arterial hypertension.
- High cholesterol.
- Insulin Resistance
- gastroesophageal reflux.
- Erectile dysfunction.
- Urinary incontinence
- Chronic renal insufficiency.
- Pulmonary embolism
How to Fight Obesity?
Depending on the type of morbidity people should follow a specific treatment. Sometimes a diet based on an adequate caloric load (about 1300 k / l per day according to Giuseppe Russolillo , president of the Spanish Foundation of Dietitians-Nutritionists) will suffice , as well as a daily exercise routine. In more extreme cases, in addition to the above, a bariatric surgery may be required.
“In any case, proper nutrition will make a difference in any weight loss process”.
An overweight person cannot resort to “miraculous diets” for a week. The weight gained was not achieved overnight, the same happens with fat loss; It must be based on a total change in the patient’s lifestyle. The best and most advisable thing is for the person with morbidity to speak with a nutritionist, to take their case with commitment and total willingness to help you. The professional must design a personalized plan, with short and long term goals and total control over the results. Online consultations are often very helpful to stay motivated and encouraged to carry out an effective diet and exercise plan. The patient should seek medical and psychological help, which goes beyond a restrictive diet that may cause a rebound effect over the months. The 24-hour control offered by some mobile applications, specializing in nutrition and exercise, are a very useful option to achieve a profound transformation in our lifestyle. Users choose how they want to be treated by a specialist and how long they want to be advised.
How to Avoid Obesity?
With great will you can achieve, not only avoid the risk of obesity, but also be at the ideal weight.
- Maintain a diet rich in fiber, protein and low carb.
- Eliminate many of the sweets that make you feel full and definitely not good for your health.
- Look for recipes that contain healthy foods to vary a bit and not get bored with the diet.
- Do exercise every day. If you don’t have time, walk a little to get to work or home. Climb stairs instead of using the elevator, etc.
- Drink a lot of water.
- Do not eat late.
- Try to sleep at least seven hours.
- Do not consume cigarettes or excess alcohol.
- Use external elements that motivate you to lose weight and take care of your health, such as support groups, social media profiles on exercise and healthy eating, Apps on nutrition, specialized blogs or anything that reports on the subject.
You are solely responsible for your health. If you do not have a chronic disease that can cause overweight, do not fall into the temptation of food addiction; this is completely avoidable.